Department of Mechanical Engineering MCERC Nasik Maharashtra, India.
A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON KARANJA OIL AS AN ALTERNATIVE FUEL FOR DIESEL ENGINE
The strict emission laws, deteriorating environmental conditions, the depletion of oil reserves and the increasing price of petroleum fuels have forced the world to find alternatives fuels. Biodiesel, the promising alternative fuel can be used in diesel engines with little or no modifications. The properties of biodiesel are similar to those of diesel fuels. It can use as a fuel in diesel engine by blending with diesel The use of non-edible oil is more beneficial as compared with edible oil. Various non-edible oil seeds like Jatropha, Karanja, Neem etc. are widely available in India. Among them, Karanja has a potential to be used for the production of biodiesel. Karanja, are multipurpose non-edible plants can be cultivated on any type of soil such as degraded forests, boundaries of roads and irrigation canals. Its seeds contain 27–39% of the oil. This paper provides a comprehensive review on the important contributions of researcher work on Karanja oil and its blend as alternative fuel for diesel engine .The performance parameters evaluated include brake specific fuel consumption, brake thermal efficiency and emission parameters of karanja bio diesel and its blends are described. It is observed that Karanja oil can be used as alternative fuel for diesel engine.