A Systematic Approach for Design a Flexible Water Treatment Network


M.A. Mousa*, 
Technical office section head for Chairman and CE&O of Alexandria National Refinery & Petrochemical Company (ANRPC) Alexandria – Egyptian Petroleum Ministry, Egypt.

G.M. Abdellalem,
Petroleum Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt

M.E. Elsokary,*
Suez University, Faculty of Petroleum & Mining Engineering, Petroleum Refinery & Petrochemical Engineering Department, Suez, Egypt.


Some of the impacts of climate changes could affect human health, food security, water resources, and ecosystems. Both water supply and wastewater disposal require a lot of energy. The collection, transport, and finally, treating water till be capable of using drinking purposes consume massive amounts of energy, leading to releasing huge amounts of carbon dioxide per annum. A better design of these water infrastructure systems could no doubt achieve substantial energy savings through reducing emissions at a reasonable cost. This research investigates the alternatives for designing such water distribution systems considering CO 2 emissions and costs together as objectives. The trade-offs between these three parameters are investigated to perform optimal water network. For understanding these trade-offs, a multi- objective GA optimization module was created.