Assessment of Serum L-Ficolin Level as Inflammatory Marker and Its Correlation with Serum C-Reactive Protein, D-Dimer and Ferritin in a Sample of Iraqi COVID-19 Patients


Layth Taha Abdulhussein, Dr. Mohammed Abdullatif, Dr. Aref Sami Malik
Collage of Medicine – Al-Nahrain University – Baghdad –Iraq.


Subject: At the end of December 2019, a COVID-19 outbreak was reported for the first time in Wuhan, China. Which quickly expanded throughout China, then to 209 nations across America, Europe, Australia, and Asia. More than 50,000 people have died and over one million individuals have been afflicted worldwide, with the number fast rising. COVID-19 has been combated in various ways around the world. The gold standard for COVID-19 diagnosis is real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, RT-PCR) and viral gene sequencing. Currently, nasopharyngeal swabs from the upper respiratory tract are the most commonly employed nucleic acid detection samples. Objective of the Study: To estimate the level of ficolin in covid-19 patient in moderate and severe disease stage determination (series measurement and follow up) and find the diagnostic tool to early detect the virus to minimize the severity of the disease and further complication. Correlation of serum L-ficolin concentrations with Serum C-Reactive Protein, D-Dimer and Ferritin also to find Prognostic value of L-ficolin will be studied by corelating the treatment outcomes over one month with the three initial L-ficolin level. Materials and Methods: Sixty-two patients will be involved in the study from both sex male and female and different age group (18-80 yr.), the basal level of ficolin will be measure at time of admission of patient (time zero), then further serial measurement will be done on day 7 of admission for precise ficolin monitoring. Results: This study shows elevation of serum L-Ficolin level in survival and non-survival group. Conclusion: The results showed significant negative correlation between L-ficolin levels with the duration of illness (r = -0.377, p =0.020), however there were no significant correlation between L-ficolin levels with other patient‟s parameters.