Biologicalutilization Of Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) FOR Production Of Value Added Products


Kavitha R, Manikandan M
Department of Biotechnology, Periyar University PG Extension Centre, Dharmapuri – 636 701, Tamil Nadu, India.
Sanjai Gandhi K
Department of Geology, Periyar University, PG Extension Centre, Dharmapuri – 636 701,Tamil Nadu, India.
Natesan Vijayakumar
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar- 600802, Tamil Nadu, India.


Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) is an invasive variety of free – buoyant plant, its suffocate water bodies in tropical areas. In the river, Water hyacinth causes an effect on human health so, as to prevent or reduce this plant build up in the river, we have to overcome this issue in a commercial and economic means. So, we have to maintain the clean India movement and Green India dogma one step ahead to clean Rivers and make them free from Water hyacinth. This also helps to conserve the river ecosystem. And for that, we should also have an idea about the characteristics and constituents of Water hyacinth. Its capacity for growth and dissemination provokes major protection of the problems and is an emerging environmental issue Water hyacinth motivated this article. The assessment of this review study is to recycle the Waterhyacinth biomass for the production of biogas, biofertilizer, biostimulants etc., by using feasible technologies to promoting „ecofriendly organic farming practices for the betterment of our farmers. At the outset, the potential impact of this review is to shed new light on the better use of feebly studied Water hyacinth for the enhancement of agriculture production through organic farming. This gives invaluable products like biogas, biofertilizers, and uses like biostimulants, phyto-remediation and medicinal uses as discussed in this study.