Design and Optimize A Flexible Water Treatment Networks (Case Study In An Egyptian Refinery)


M.A. Mousa*,
Technical office section head for Chairman and CE&O  of Alexandria National Refinery & Petrochemical Company (ANRPC) Alexandria – Egyptian Petroleum Ministry, Egypt.

M.E. Elsokary,
Petroleum Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt.

G.M. Abdeallaem
Suez University, Faculty of Petroleum & Mining Engineering, Petroleum Refinery & Petrochemical, Engineering Department, Suez, Egypt.


Sacristies in supply of freshwater, strict regulations on discharging wastewater and the support to encourage the sustainable development by water minimization techniques leads to raise the interest of water reusing, regeneration and recycling. Water is considered as a vital element in chemical industries. In this study, an optimization model will be developed to determine the optimal design of refinery’s water network system via source interceptor sink that involves several network alternatives, and then a Mixed-Integer Non-Linear programming (MINLP) was used to obtain the optimal network superstructure based on flow rates, concentration of contaminants, etc. The main objective of the model is to reduce the fixed cost of piping installation interconnections, reducing the operating costs of all streams within the refiner’s water network and to minimize the concentration of pollutants to comply with the environmental regulations. A real case study for one of refineries was studied by GAMS /BARON global optimization platform and the water network had been retrofitted and optimized leading to saving around 195 m³/hr. of freshwater with a total reduction reaches to 26 %.