Development of Jaundice Detection Approaches in Neonates

Authors

Priti V Bhagat, PhD (Pursuing), Assistant Professor
Department of Computer Science & Engineering DMIETR, Wardha, India.
Dr Mukesh M. Raghuwanshi, PhD, Professor
G.H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Management, Pune, India.
Dr. Kavita Singh, PhD, Associate Professor
Department of Computer Technology, Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering, Nagpur, India.
Dr Sachin Damke, MBBS, MD, Professor
Department of Pediatrics, JNMC, Sawangi (M), Wardha, India.
Dr Syed Quazi, MBBS, MD (Community Medicine), PhD (Community Medicine)
Director (R&D), DMIMS (DU), Wardha, India.

Abstract

Jaundice is one of the most common diseases that have a significant impact in the first few days of newborn life. Detection and regular monitoring of bilirubin, which is responsible for Jaundice, is an essential phase during the hyperbilirubinemia. In the literature, various clinical assessment methods of Jaundice are available. It motivates us to present a review of these clinical assessment methods in practice, along with their advantages and limitations. In this paper, we have discussed three widely used methods, such as visual assessment, total serum bilirubin and transcutaneous bilirubinometer. From the comparative analysis of these methods, it is concluded that the visual assessment is very subjective in nature, whereas, the total serum bilirubin method is still a gold standard method. The detailed analysis of the methods depicts that the correlation between this two total serum bilirubin and transcutaneous bilirubinometer has enormous potential for improvement resulting in the enhancement in precision and accuracy of bilirubin measurement.