Emission of Trace Gases from Paddy Blazing in North- Western States of India: A Review


Samanvya Singh, Nausha Shetty
Department of Civil Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal  India.


India being an Agricultural State with diverse crop culture. Various crops are scattered and harvested in every Rabi and Kharif season and farmers are very much dependent on these seasons as these seasons decide the quality of the crop. The modern equipment which a farmer uses is a Combined Harvesting Machine. Now the problem with this machine is that it cultivates the crop from a height of 1 meter from the ground which generates the leftover residual of rice on the ground. Due to the composition of farm leftover, its blazing is a little different in comparison to that of Grassland and forest fire. Farm residue burning emits a huge amount of harmful pollutants, such as N2O, CO2, CH4, CO, NH3, SO2, NOx, HC’s, VOC’s, and SPM. These emitting pollutants cause harmful impacts to Humans, Plants, and Animals. Focusing on the influence on humans these pollutants can cause pneumoconiosis, acute bronchitis, skin allergies, irritation to the eyes, blindness, scarred cornea, and formation of cataracts.