Empowering Education: Fostering Active Student Engagement in Classroom Learning


Dr. Chandrani Borkotoky, Freelance Researcher


"Education is not the learning of facts, but the training of the mind to think." —Albert Einstein The foundation of lifelong learning is often attributed to school education, which bears the responsibility of nurturing competent learners capable of applying knowledge in real-life situations, further education, or employment. Assessing the effectiveness of a country's school system in preparing students for the challenges of life and work is a matter of significant concern. Despite the evolutionary strides in the Indian education system since independence, various initiatives aimed at addressing children's needs and enhancing their learning experiences, national and state achievement surveys continue to reveal substantial disparities in students' mastery of fundamental skills across different regions. In response to these challenges, both researchers and policymakers advocate a paradigm shift in teaching and learning methodologies – a transition from rote learning to a constructivist learning approach. This shift entails fostering an environment where students actively engage in the learning process, constructing their knowledge. Research studies support this approach, emphasizing the brain's active and dynamic nature, enabling learners to construct and reconstruct knowledge through interaction within their learning environments (Beamon, 1997; Caine & Caine, 1997). Instructors are thus encouraged to provide ample opportunities for students to actively participate in constructing and reconstructing their knowledge, fostering reflective learning practices that empower students to direct their own educational journey.