Ethnomedicinal uses and biological applications of Tragia involucrata L. – A critical review


T. Sivakumar,
Department of Botany, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar, Tamil Nadu, India-608
002. Department of Botany, Thiru A. Govindsamy Government Arts College, Tindivanam, TamilNadu, India 604 307.

B. Deepa,
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-
608 002. Dharmapuram Gnanmbigai Govt. Arts College for Women, Mayiladuthurai, TamilNadu (609 001), India.


Ethnomedicinal plants have been used as medicine for different ailments since ancient times. Formulation made from plant materials are used in traditional, complementary and alternative medicine and are widespread in both developing and developed countries. Tragia involucrata L. (Family: Euphorbiaceae) is a medicinal plant widely used in Sri Lankan and Indian traditional medicine. As this plant is a weed, it is being destroyed on a large scale due to lack of knowledge about its medicinal properties. Therefore, the objective of this study is to collect data on the medicinal value of this plant, biological and pharmacological activities with its ethnomedicinal uses. An effort was made to collect information on the ethnopharmacological uses and scientifically verified biological activities of Tragia involucrata. The review provides an insight into the potential of Tragia involucrata as a monoherbal formulation for diseases associated with multiple systems of the body. With all the scientifically verified biological activities and ethnopharmacological uses, Tragia involucrata can be qualified as a potent candidate to be developed as a phytomedicine and used as a preventive and therapeutic agent. Hence, the objective of this study was to collect data on the medicinal value of this plant by correlating its scientifically validated biological activities with its ethnopharmacological uses. With all the scientifically validated biological activities and the ethnopharmacological uses, Tragia involucrata may qualify as a potent candidate to be developed into a phytomedicine to be utilized as both a preventive and as a therapeutic agent.