In Vivo Anti-Inflammatory and Antioxidant Potentials of Ethanolic Flower Extract and Isolated Compound, Rutin from Bauhinia tomentosa L.


Gargi Gangadharan, K. Thenmozhi
PG and Research Department of Botany, Kongunadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore – 641 029, Tamilnadu.


Bauhinia tomentosa L. belonging to the family Caesalpiniaceae is a traditional medicinal plant species used by the local healers for the treatment of inflammation and other ailments. The present study was addressed to isolate and characterize bioactive entities exists in the ethanolic extract of B. tomentosa flower. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory effects of crude and isolated compounds were assessed using carrageenan induced paw oedema model. Indomethacin, a renowned reference drug was used for comparison. In vivo antioxidant activities were achieved using standard procedures. In anti-inflammatory studies, the isolated compound, rutin (10mg/kgb.w.) manifested potent activity by inhibiting paw oedema (92.6%) than the crude extracts (88.7%). With reference to these findings, rutin also registered eminent therapeutic property in terms of in vivo antioxidant activity. Therefore, the current study exposed that the anti-inflammatory effects of isolated compound, rutin is more expected to depend on their ability to inhibit the production of proinflammatory mediators and proposes that the studied plant species can be deliberated as one of the finest, versatile and most frequently used household remedies for varied manifestations. Furthermore, the compound isolated may serve as a lead molecule for the formulation of active novel drugs without any adverse side effects.