Investigation of dissimilar Joints between AA7075-T6 and AZ31B-H24 with and without interlayers produced by friction stir welding


Mahmoud Abbas, Mohamed Zaki, Bassam Ghareeb 
Suez University, Faculty of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Metallurgical and Material Engineering, Dep. Assalam City, Suez, P.O. Box 43533, Egypt.

H. Abdelaleem,
Welding Technology and NDT Dept, Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institutes, P.O. Box 87 Helwan, 11722, Egypt.


Multi-material lightweight structures are gaining a great deal of attention in several industries, especially the aerospace and automobile industry, great emphasis has been placed upon aluminium and magnesium alloys due to their high specific strength, improved performance and low density among other unique properties. Welding of dissimilar Mg and Al is challenging due to the formation of brittle intermetallic compound (IMCs) such as Mg17Al12 and Mg2Al3. In order to increase the joint strength and obtain defect free joining of light alloys , two main approaches were used to eliminate or reduce the Mg-Al intermetallic reaction layer. First, Control important processing parameters of solid state welding technique, FSW which have a low welding temperature were used to reduce the IMCs. Second, Employing interlayers such as Ni and Zn foil during welding of Al to Mg could be a feasible approach to eliminate intermetallic and improve mechanical and electrochemical properties of the joints. Effect of different interlayers and some important processing parameters and their effects on weld quality are discussed, and the microstructure and metallurgical reaction are described. Mechanical properties of welds such as hardness and tensile are discussed.