Mount Carmel College, Autonomous, Vasanth Nagar, Bengaluru-560052, India.
Department of Chemistry and Research Centre, N.M.K.R.V. College for Women, Jayanagar, Bengaluru-560 011, India.
Kinetics of electrochemical intercalation of lithium ion into Li[Li0.2Co0.3Mn0.5]O2 electrode from Li2SO4 solution
The kinetics of electrochemical lithium ion intercalation into Li[Li0.2Co0.3Mn0.5]O2 electrode in 2 M Li2SO4 aqueous electrolyte has been studied using two electroanalytical methods, namely, potentiostatic intermittent titration technique (PITT) and galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT). The results are compared with those from nonaqueous electrolytes. Layered, lithium-rich Li[Li0.2Co0.3Mn0.5]O2 cathode material was synthesized by reactions under autogenic pressure at elevated temperature (RAPET) method. The effects of ohmic potential drop and charge-transfer resistance have been considered while predicting the current transients obtained with aqueous electrolyte. For PITT and GITT, we have defined their characteristic time-invariant functions, It1/2 and dE/dt1/2, respectively to present the diffusion time constant τ. Application of different theoretical diffusion models for treating the results obtained by the above-mentioned techniques allowed us to calculate the diffusion coefficient of lithium ions (D) at different potentials (E). The intercalation process is explained by considering the possible attractive interactions of the intercalated species in terms of Frumkin intercalation isotherm. We have observed a strictcorrespondence between the peaks of the intercalation capacitance and the minima in the corresponding log D vs. E curve.