Look East Policy and its Impact in North-East India


Dr. Mahan Borah, Assistant Professor
Department of Political Science Assam University, Silchar, Assam, India.


India’s North-East, a distinctive geopolitical entity, comprising the states of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura, Nagaland, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. The region shares borders with four Asian countries such as China, Myanmar, Bhutan and Bangladesh. A number of factors such as insurgency, ethnic conflicts, illegal migration etc have induced a certain degree of instability, political degeneration and have as well contributed to the economic backwardness, retarded infrastructural development and psychological alienation of this region from the mainland India. Thus, the development deficit in the North-East remains a challenge for the government of India. This challenge can be addressed by integrating the North-East with its Southeast Asia region through the policy namely Look East Policy. India’s stable democratic political system, large middle-class population, immense military clouts in South Asia, rising economic fortunes and global ambitions make it a potential power that could play very important role in world affairs.