Meditative and asynchronous music intervention boosts shooters’flow state and related domain: A pilot study


Dr. Jaswinder Kaur, Assistant Professor,
Goswami Ganesh Dutta Santan Dharma College, Sector-32, Chandigarh, India.

Dr. Navneet Kaur,
TGT-Physical Education, Govt. Middle School, Rattpur, Panchkula, Haryana, India.

Dr. Gurmeet Singh, Professor,
Department of Physical Education, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

Dr. Amanendra Mann, Associate Professor,
DAV College Sector-10, Chandigarh, India.


The goal of the current pilot research is to explore the influence of meditation and asynchronous music on overall flow and it related characteristics on performing shooters. To fulfill the goal of the research, forty-five performing shooters (minimum two years of shooting experience) within the age range of 15-45 years from Chandigarh city and neighbouring areas were taken. The shooting players were split into three equal groups i.e. Control group (n=15), Yoga & Meditation group (n=15) and asynchronous music (n=15) group. The changes in the flow state and its related domains were noticed at pre level and after 3 months. The conclusion of the investigation indicated that no significant alterations were found in control group. In asynchronous music the statistically significant changes were seen on balance (p=0.013), Goals (p=0.036) and control (p=0.052) domains of flow states whereas in Yoga & Meditation group in Merging (p=0.001), Goals (p=0.051), Concentration (p=0.032), Autotelic (p=0.028) and overall flow (p=0.005).