New Methodology of classification Ultra-low Permeability for Unconventional Reservoir Based on DFIT Analysis

Authors

D. Shaker,
North Bahariya Petroleum Company, Egypt.
H. Kattab, M. Tantawi and A. Gawish,
Suez University, Egypt.

Abstract

Reservoir properties become critical key parameters to optimize the modern hydraulic fracture treatment which play an important role to develop tight and/or unconventional gas reservoirs. The most valuable and commonly tool used to quantify the reservoir and hydraulic fracture characterizations is Diagnostic fracture injection test (DFIT). The pressure decline response of DFIT test reflects the process of fracture closure and the flow capacity of the reservoir. DFIT test could be provide valuable estimation of reservoir properties and fracturing parameters, including interaction with natural fractures and heterogeneous rock properties. This result could be used to build simulation model to forecast these reservoirs before performing the actual frac job. This paper present method will be beneficial in classifying new reservoir during appraisal stage based in the result from DFIT test. The key reservoir and hydraulic fracture characterizations will be classified based on Bourdet derivative type before closure region. We identified two types of reservoirs one with unit slope and the second one with 3/2 slope. Each two types of reservoirs have different value of kh value. Also, our DFIT program has the ability to investigate the factors that affect DFIT data and interpretation including interaction with natural fractures, heterogeneous rock properties, variable storage. The results of the developed DFIT model after applying on actual field cases are classifying the characterizations of ultra-low permeability unconventional reservoir (such as reservoir pressure, reservoir permeability, mobility, and transmissibility, fracture half-length and flow regime before and after closure…etc.). The key parameters will be used to design the proper hydraulic fracture stimulation. The novel of this paper is how to classify the characterizations of ultra-low permeability unconventional reservoir using new methodology, evaluate shale and tight wells productivity.