Novel Approach to Groundwater Contaminant Transport Modelling


Manoj Kumar, Corresponding Author, Anunay Gour
Department of environmental engineering, Delhi Technological University, New Delhi.


This paper comprehensively investigates literature about modelling techniques used in groundwater contaminant transport modelling. Modelling of groundwater is a useful way for the management of groundwater resources, also assessing the fate of contaminants and their remediation. Models very conveniently help to study complex real conditions and examine specific phenomena in addition to predicting the future behaviour of any problem. The use of groundwater simulation programming tools such as MODFLOW, MT3DMS, RT3D, FEFLOW, and MODPATH to model multi-directional contamination transport yields accurate results. Movement, storage, and change of solute concentration are largely regulated by groundwater flow gradient. As a result, a precise description of the flow mechanism is very important. If models are not properly constructed and interpreted, they can become complicated and may generate wide errors. Well-defined and clear modelling objectives produce suitable models for efficient error-free modelling processes. The study will assist modellers to clearly define their model objective and select appropriate modelling tools.