Pharmacognostical and phytochemical screening of the root of Martynia annua Linn


Dr Rahul Kumar Gupta, PhD Scholar
MGACH&RC, Wardha(H), Maharashtra, India.
Dr Renu Bharat Rathi, Professor
Department of Kaumarbhritya, MGACH&RC, Wardha (H), Maharashtra, India.


Background : for acceptance of Ayurveda at global level there is needed to standardize herbal drugs according to modern techniques. For the standardization of herbal medicines it is essential to establish its identify, purity, quality, safety, and efficacy. This study reports on standardization of Martina annua linn root. In tribal pockets of satpura plateau in Madhya Pradesh. Root paste of Martina annua is used in folk medicine to treat cancer and rheumatism. Objective: This study aimed to indentify anthers herb and establishing pharmacognostical, Physiochemical and phytochemical standard for the Martina annua linn. Root. Material and Methods: Plant roots was collected from Govt. Ayurved college campus, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh and evaluated for pharmacognostical, Physiochemical and phytochemical parameter using guidelines of the world health organization and pharmacopoeial laboratory for Indian medicine for quality control of herbal drugs. Results: Chemical evaluation shown presence of alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, steroids and tannins. The microscopic characters have shown presence of Epiblema, Periderm, Cortex, Phloem and Madullary Rays, and Xylem vessels. Microscopy analysis of the powder included the parenchyma cells, fibers and vessel. In results, it was found that the root containing various phytochemicals were present in its Aqueous extract, Hydroalcoholic extract and Alcoholic extract. Hydroalcoholic extract of Martynia annua root had the highest of total phenolic content (364.15 mg GAE /100gm) and highest total flavonoid content (139.84 mg QE /100gm). Conclusions: Pharmacognostical and preliminary phytochemical screening of Martynia annua roots will be useful in order to authenticate, standardize and avoid any adulteration in the raw material and will be helpful in the development of a monograph.