Ranks of evidence in Islamic Jurisprudence


Dr. Mazhar Shaban Mansi
Directorate of Education in Anbar Governorate, Iraq.
Atheer Awwad Jamal
College of Imam Adam, Anbar Governorate, Iraq.


Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds, and by Him, we seek assistance. Allah who created the best. The science of the Islamic Jurisprudence is for the sake of the sciences of Sharia (Islamic law). That is the honorable, beneficial, and the most influential of them, wherethe imams seek knowledge fromand it is the sourceused to give a legal opinion (fatwa) assessing evidence. Hajjat al-Islam al-Ghazalisaid about it(the most honorable science is that in which hearing and reason are used to reach evidence, and accompanied by opinion and Sharia (Islamic law). The science of knowledge like this takes from the purity of Islamic law and the mind the same path. Thus, it is not a disposition of pure minds so that the law does not receive it with acceptance, nor is it based on pure imitation for which the mind does not attest to support without evidence) Then, after I finished my commentary on the new explanation on the collection of the Islamic jurisprudence by Imam Taj al-Din al-Sabki and his explanation of the Scholar of Iraq and its previous mufti, the fundamentalist sheik, the literary jurist Abdul Karim al-Dabban, may Allah Almighty have mercy on him. I decided to write this research in the field of this honorable science when I noticed the overlapping of concepts, terminology, and boundaries. It helped to remove the ambiguity in its topic to define the meanings and also benefit the specialists in this field.