Solar Powered Hybrid Electric Vehicle System using a Bidirectional DC-DC Converter


Dr. Premananda Pany
Associate Professor, Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Sharda University, India.
Tuba Farooq Kanth
PG Student, Department of Electrical Engineering, Sharda University, India.


In this paper, a solar-based hybrid electric vehicle is designed on MATLAB Simulink. In this,the main energy source which is solar and an auxillary energy source which is the battery is used to build a newly designed two-phased interleaved bidirectional DC-DC converter.The newly designed converter operates in two source powering mode.In General idea, an electric vehicle utilizes a battery that is charged from an outer power supply, however,solar PV modules are utilized to charge a battery by methods for engrossing radiation from the sun and changing over it into electrical power (Photovoltaic Effect) by the proposed technique. The electrical power to batteries got from solar PV modules which may be related either in an arrangement or equal and charge controllers. To cross a definitive powerpoint in the solar board, also the Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT) controller is utilized.Fuzzy logic MPPT Technique is used for Solar PV array. In the control system for a bidirectional DC-DC converter, an ANFIS system is used to reduce the errors and provide a DC output to the DC machine which represents the Electric Vehicle. The benefit of the ANFIS and Fuzzy combined system provides the best accuracies and efficiency in the system as compared with traditional PI-based which is a more calculative control system. The output voltage of the bidirectional DC-DC converter is about 430V to drive the electric vehicle. The benefit of this design is low calculation complexity by using ANFIS and Fuzzy -based MPPT algorithm for the Photovoltaic module.