Subsystems of Electric Vehicle: Overview


Abhinav Agarwal, Abhishek H Chachadi, Akshay Kumar Singh, Sabit Auti
Electronics and Communication Dept R. V. College of Engineering, Bangalore, India.


Not long prior to entering the 20th Century, the most popular sort of transport at this point was the horse. Be that as it may, as individuals’ wages expanded and developments progressed, some were starting to explore different ways regarding more up-to-date types of transport. Presently, gas, steam, and electrical power were all available, with each following strength watching out. Steam development was grounded as of now and was generally seen and trusted by individuals all in all. It had, in light of everything, showing its worth driving assembling plants, mines, get ready, and conveys – it had all the earmarks of being only a trademark development to collect more unobtrusive kinds of transport using steam engines. There was an issue – steam motors were too slow to warm up and especially during winters it was particularly very tough to start them and once started the person had to continuously supply water for its cooling. They likewise had a restricted reach and should have been continually taken care of with water. Electric vehicles, or EVs for short, work using an electric engine rather than an interior ignition motor, similar to gas-fueled vehicles. Much of the time, EVs utilize an enormous footing battery pack to control the engine. This battery pack is charged by being connected to an exceptionally planned charging station or outlet at the clients’ homes. As EVs run on power, they have no fumes and don’t contain parts like the fuel siphon, fuel line, carburetor, and gas tank, which are required in gas-controlled vehicles. But the evidence of the positives has gotten amazingly clear, there are also a couple of hindrances that every individual needs to consider before they choose to make an electric vehicle their next tremendous undertaking. The reasons being: – Recharge Points, The Initial Investment is Steep, Short Driving Range and Short Driving Speed, Not Suitable for Cities, Facing Shortage of Power. To overcome the challenges more and more research and development work has been carried out and most of the above-stated challenges have been resolved. Higher battery density for longer range, alternate Li-ion batteries to increase the efficiency and to reduce the initial cost, and powerful chargers for fast charging is going under continuous development. Li-ion batteries undergo performance degradation and cycle aging, and it needs to be identified as soon as possible, i.e., using a Recommended Architecture to improve the performance of an EV. Apart from these, EV offers easy and efficient testing and verification model.