Ankita Mishra, Sumit Kumar, Deepak Mehra, Corresponding author
National institute of fashion technology, Fashion Technology Department, Bhubaneswar, India.
Kamaljeet Singh
National institute of fashion technology, Fashion Technology Department, Kangra, India.


The textile industry, renowned for its environmental impact, has initiated a transformative shift towards eco-friendly practices, particularly in finishing methods. This paper thoroughly examines innovative approaches and sustainable practices adopted by manufacturers to mitigate environmental harm while also exploring the integration of nanotechnology and nano-coating in textile finishing, aiming to boost the effectiveness and utility of textile materials. It also covers eco-friendly textile finishing, emphasizing natural dyes, waterless dyeing techniques, and sustainable chemical alternatives. Waterless dyeing methods, including air dyeing and digital printing, significantly diminish water consumption and chemical usage, preserving colour vibrancy and fabric quality. Manufacturers embrace organic and recycled materials, implementing energy-efficient production processes and prioritizing supply chain transparency and certifications. This paper explores the fundamental principles of nanotechnology, highlights the challenges in traditional textile finishing methods, and discusses the innovative applications and benefits of nano coatings in textile engineering, laying the groundwork for a more environmentally conscious and responsible industry.