Documentation of recent advancements in finishing methods and chemicals in the textile industry


Soumili Sarkar, Sumit Kumar, Deepak Mehra, Corresponding author
National institute of fashion technology, Fashion Technology Department, Bhubaneswar, India.
Kamaljeet Singh,
National institute of fashion technology, Fashion Technology Department, Kangra, India.


Global Textile Market size was valued at 1.69 billion USD in 2022 and is poised to touch USD 3.27 billion by 2031. The expansion of demand from the fashion industry and the growth of the e-commerce sector drive the textile sector, both globally and in India. The rapid progress and advancements in the field of the textile industry are being made to fulfil the demands of the customer concerning cloth and fabric quality, design and aesthetic appeal. Textile finishing plays a key role to improve the aesthetic qualities of fabrics and add specific technical properties to each fabric. The advancement of finishing methods in terms of knowledge-based, eco-friendly and smart textile finishing methods redefines the role of contemporary textile materials by expanding their capabilities to meet the expectations of modern lifestyles. These advancements have paved the way for functional textiles with multiple properties, opening new opportunities for the industry. Further, there has been a noticeable shift in the textile sector toward environmentally friendly finishing techniques as well as general production procedures. However, the challenges continue regarding production costs, product affordability, and the environmental impact of the finishing methods and processes of the textile industry. The quest continues for advanced techniques that balance cost-effectiveness, durability, aesthetic appeal, comfort, and sustainability in the textiles and apparel industry.