The political role for the Iraqi tribes in 1914 – 1932


Fatimah Naeem Dherib
Department of History, Thi-Qar Education Directorate, Thi-Qar, Iraq.


The role played by the tribal community in the modern political development of Iraq, a very important page in the political history of this country, and the point of its importance is that it has taken its final form during the first formative period in the emergence of the modern Iraqi government . In order to accurately understand the movement of clans and measure their effectiveness in an accurate manner, it will be clarified that the contribution of clans in political events. Where the research studies the stressful and double historical relations between the government and the clan in Iraq,By the clan we mean a social unit based on ethnic solidarity with a fanatical content that justifies belonging to the clan. This research falls within a set of axes, the first of which is the policy of control on the Iraqi tribes, and this section discusses how to control the capabilities of Iraqi tribes by successive governments and use them for their own benefit. As for the second axis, it dealt with the role of the clans in passing the Iraqi-British treaty, through which we explain the reasons for the delay in this agreement and how the votes of the tribes were used to sign it. As for the third axis, it is entitled Iraqi tribes, preparing the constitution and elaborating its points in favor of the politicians. Then we move to the fourth axis, in which we discussed the role of tribal leaders in the parliamentary elections. The fifth axis comes under the title of the role of clans in political parties, and it includes an explanation of the participation of tribal leaders to try political parties and belong to them, in order to support some of the existing ministries. As for the sixth and last axis, it deals with the role of clans in theregion, and how this position was used for the benefit of influential tribal sheikhs.