The Will of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) Regarding the Farewell Pilgrimage for Women between Sharia Rules and Morals

Authors

Mohamed Fouad Hassan

Abstract

The farewell sermon is a model of the comprehensive prophetic guidance and an integrated Islamic discourse, as he (may God bless him and grant him peace) combined in his speech a doctrinal, social and economic orientation. It was a testament to adherence to the religion, the full and comprehensive values of the aspects of belief and worship, and to care for social reform in the matter of women, family and society.This prophetic sermon represents a clear vision and a balanced social approach that is consistent between the observance of the rights of the individual and the group, and the rights of men, women and the family. It is based on the commitment to rights and duties. In fact, this sermon is a wonderful constitution for building a mutually supportive society that strengthens each other, and in which the efforts of the individual, group, family and society are complementary. The verse ( الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الإِسْلامَ دِيناً) ( 1)revealed a completion of this great civilizational project; the project of completing religion and completing grace.The farewell sermon took into account the most important decisions pertaining to women and was adopted as a universal declaration of women’s rights today, which is described as injustice in some western and even eastern societies.