Wireless Network and Communication in Smart Grid Technology


Shardul Pathak, Sagar Majgude, Sagar Maske, Aneesh Sakure
B. Tech Computer Science Engineering, Vishwakarma Institute of Information Technology, Maharashtra, India.
Shakambhari Pathak
Analyst Trainee, Baxter Innovations and Business Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
Kirti Wanjale, Associate Professor
Vishwakarma Institute of Information Technology, Maharashtra, India.


In this century where everyone is talking about making machine smart, intelligent, it is need of technology to go two steps ahead and make smarter systems upon which humans can rely. Smart Grid is nothing but making the systems at home intelligent so as to make life easy without spending lot of money. This paper will help you understand what actually smart grid is, how it can be implemented and mainly focus upon the wireless communication in Smart Grid. The paper will present the architecture of Smart Grid using wireless connectivity and explain the importance of Home Area Networks. Security is the measure concern in case of wireless communication which is explained with some of the protocols to be used and Methods to avoid security threats. Wireless Technologies like Wi-Max, Wi-Fi, Zig-Bee and their use in the Smart Grid architecture is covered. Today, we are searching for a solution with less efforts and maintenance required and for the complicated electrical system, Smart Grid is the best solution to be implemented. Conventional Grid could not solve the problem of peak loads where users/consumers were unable to receive a proper service, it is complicated for the central system to manage large amount of load alone. Smart Grid solves this problem by distributing the management of energy and how it does, we will see in some of the chapters in this report. Smart devices like smart meters, Electric Vehicles can be used to make homes smarter. Smart Grid technology does not solve the problem of electricity only but also for water, gas etc. This technology is most suitable for smart city/village projects helping in making smarter devices and using communication between the devices, making human life more reliable and comfortable.