Enhanced Quality of Service Strategy for Improving Network Coverage in IOT Applications


Dr. D. I. George Amalarethinam, Bursar & Director (MCA), Associate Professor, Ms. P. Mercy, Research Scholar
PG & Research Department of Computer Science, Jamal Mohamed College, Affiliated to Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.


The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network that includes physical things capable of aggregating and communicating electronic information. With the advancement in wireless sensor networks, IoT provides highly efficient communication for various real-time applications. IoT networks are large-scale networks where routing can be improved by focusing on the Quality of Service (QoS) Parameter. Network coverage can be enhanced by hierarchical clustering of the nodes which increases the network lifetime. The proposed algorithm Enhanced Fuzzy Based Clustering and Routing Algorithm (EFCRA) performs distance and energy-based cluster head selection to find a new path from source to destination. The algorithm uses Fuzzy c-means clustering to provide optimization in forming cluster centers. The cluster head (CH) is identified based on the minimum distance and maximum energy of the sensor node. The cluster head is updated when its energy is lesser than the threshold value. The distance between sensor nodes and its CH node and then to the destination is computed using Dijkstra’s algorithm. The proposed routing strategy provides improved network coverage and throughput which extends the lifetime of the IoT network.